Toplam 17 sonuçtan 1 ile 17 arasındakiler gösteriliyor.

Konu: Passive Voice(Edilgen Yapı)

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    Passive Voice(Edilgen Yapı)

    arkadaşlar bize hoca dönem ödevi verdide possive voice ile örnek 4 sayfalık ben şimdi possive voiceyi ögrenmek istiyorum bana possive voiceyi böle güzel anlatımlı 1 yazı olarak konuya yazı yazarsanız çok sewinirim bide örneklerde lazım arkadaşlar bildiginz örnekleride yazarsanız sewinrim şimdiden teşekürler

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    passive

    hocalarımız daha iyi bilir ama kardeş o zor olur passive int üzernden -tabi hazır olan varsa bilmem- kardeşim sen en iyisi bi kitaptan bul els gibi varsa bi arkadaş çevrende falan dil bölümü okuyan senin için daha iyi olur

  3. #3
    Bello Misafir
    Alıntı denizxz_e isimli üyeden alıntı Mesajı göster
    arkadaşlar bize hoca dönem ödevi verdide possive voice ile örnek 4 sayfalık ben şimdi possive voiceyi ögrenmek istiyorum bana possive voiceyi böle güzel anlatımlı 1 yazı olarak konuya yazı yazarsanız çok sewinirim bide örneklerde lazım arkadaşlar bildiginz örnekleride yazarsanız sewinrim şimdiden teşekürler
    ELS var eğer istersen MemhetMamger hocamın kitabı var ama vermem ne kadar doğru olur

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    zor işmi yani bu arkadaşlar şimdi ben possive voiceyi tamögrenmiyecegim lise 1 ögrenicisiym daha hoca dedi bana possive voice ile 4 sayfa örnek getir dedi possive voice ne oldugu ögnrenecegim bide nerelerde kullanılır fln bide örnekler yapacagım işte ?

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    Alıntı denizxz_e isimli üyeden alıntı Mesajı göster
    zor işmi yani bu arkadaşlar şimdi ben possive voiceyi tamögrenmiyecegim lise 1 ögrenicisiym daha hoca dedi bana possive voice ile 4 sayfa örnek getir dedi possive voice ne oldugu ögnrenecegim bide nerelerde kullanılır fln bide örnekler yapacagım işte ?
    ........

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    Alıntı denizxz_e isimli üyeden alıntı Mesajı göster
    zor işmi yani bu arkadaşlar şimdi ben possive voiceyi tamögrenmiyecegim lise 1 ögrenicisiym daha hoca dedi bana possive voice ile 4 sayfa örnek getir dedi possive voice ne oldugu ögnrenecegim bide nerelerde kullanılır fln bide örnekler yapacagım işte ?
    Lise-1 de passive konusu 2.dönemin ortalarında veriliyor. Şu an için çok erken.

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    hocam zaten şurda 2. döneme ne kaldı 2. hafta 3 hafta bize dönem ödevi verdi ben diyorum şimdiden ögreneyim 2 dönemdn öncede götürcez zaten dönem ödevi bu

  8. #8
    Bello Misafir
    Alıntı denizxz_e isimli üyeden alıntı Mesajı göster
    zor işmi yani bu arkadaşlar şimdi ben possive voiceyi tamögrenmiyecegim lise 1 ögrenicisiym daha hoca dedi bana possive voice ile 4 sayfa örnek getir dedi possive voice ne oldugu ögnrenecegim bide nerelerde kullanılır fln bide örnekler yapacagım işte ?
    active), edilgen (passive) bir fiile dönüştürebilmemiz için, o fiilin geçişli bir fiil (transitive) olması gerekir. Yani, open, close, give, buy, invite, etc. gibi nesne alabilen bir fiil olması gerekir. Happen, come, go, seem, cry gibi nesne almayan fiiller (intransitive), passive yapılamaz.
    Active: The school custodian opens the door every day. Passive:The door is opened by the school custodian every day.
    Active: An accident happens at this crossroads nearly every day. (No passive, because there isn't an object.)
    3-1 FORMING THE PASSIVE
    Active fiilin nesnesi, passive cümlede özne durumuna geçer ve cümlenin tense'ine uygun olarak be + past participle (fiilin üçüncü hali] kullanılır.
    He is washing the car. object
    The car Is being washed by him. subject

    Mum cooked

    the dinner.
    object

    The dinner was cooked by Mum. subject

    ACTIVE

    PASSIVE



    Present Progressive Simple Present Simple Past Past Progressive Present Perfect Past Perfect Simple Future be going to Future Perfect

    He is washing the car.
    He washes the car.
    He washed the car.
    He was washing the car.
    He has washed the car.
    He had washed the car.
    He will wash the car.
    He is going to wash the car.
    He will have washed the car.

    The car Is being washed by him. The car Is washed by him. The car was washed by him. The car was being washed by him. The car has been washed by him. The car had been washed by him. The car will be washed by him. The car Is going to be washed by him. The car will have been washed by him.
    EXERCISE 1: Change the active to the passive.
    1. The gardener is mowing the grass at the moment.
    The grass by the gardener at the moment.
    2. The gardener mows the grass once a month.
    The grass by the gardener once a month.
    3. The gardener mowed the grass last week.
    The grass by the gardener last week.
    4. The gardener was mowing the grass.
    The grass by the gardener.
    5. The gardener has mowed the grass.
    The grass by the gardener.
    6. The gardener had mowed the grass.
    The grass by the gardener.
    7. The gardener will mow the grass tomorrow.
    The grass by the gardener tomorrow.
    8. The gardener is going to mow the grass in the morning.
    The grass by the gardener in the morning.
    9. The gardener will have mowed the grass by noon.
    The grass by the gardener by noon.
    3-2 POSITION OF TIME ADVERBIALS IN A PASSIVE SENTENCE
    a) Cümlenin sonunda kullanılan zaman zarfları, "by phrase" den sonra gelir.
    Active: Jack washed the car yesterday. Passive:The car was washed by Jack yesterday.
    Active: Jack will wash the car tomorrow. Passive: The car will be washed by Jack tomorrow.
    Active: Jack will have washed the car by 5 p.m. Passive:The car will have been washed by Jack by 5 p.m.
    Cümlenin sonunda kullanılan bu zarflar, vurguyu artırmak için cümle başında da ;
    kullanılabilir.
    Yesterday, the car was washed by Jack. Tomorrow, the car will be washed by Jack.
    b) "Always, usually, just, already, probably" gibi cümle içinde kullanılan zaman zarfları
    genellikle, "be" fiilinden sonra gelir. Ancak, vurgulanan öğeye bağlı olarak bu zarflar,
    cümle içinde farklı yerlerde bulunabilir.
    Active: Jack usually washes the car in the afternoon.
    Passive:The car Is usually washed (by Jack) in the afternoon. Usually, the car is washed (by Jack) in the afternoon.
    The car is washed (by Jack), usually in the afternoon.
    The car is washed, usually by Jack, in the afternoon.
    Active: Jack last washed the car two days ago. Passive:The car was last washed by Jack two days ago.
    Active: Since we bought the car, Jack has always washed it himself. Passive: Since the car was bought, it has always been washed by Jack himself. Since the car was bought, it has been washed always by Jack himself.
    "Probably" nln olumsuz cümledeki yerine dikkat ediniz.
    Active: Jack probably won't wash the car tomorrow.
    Jack will probably not wash the car tomorrow.
    Passive: The car probably won't be washed by Jack tomorrow.
    The car will probably not be washed by Jack tomorrow.
    c) "Carefully, beautifully, deeply gibi durum bildiren zarflar (adverbs of manner) passive
    cümlede genellikle "be" fiili ile asıl fiil arasında yer alır. Ancak bu zarfların asıl fiilden sonra kullanımı da mümkündür.
    Active: The horror film affected the children badly. ., i
    Passive: The children were badly affected by the horror film.
    The children were affected badly by the horror film.
    Active: We placed the glassware carefully in the cupboard. Passive:The glassware was carefully placed in the cupboard. The glassware was placed carefully in the cupboard.
    EXERCISE 2: Change the active to the passive. Add "by phrase" to each sentence.
    1. Local people are going to plant 100,000 trees next weekend as part of the Green
    City campaign.
    As part of the Green City campaign, 100,000 trees
    2. When I applied for the job, the manager interviewed me.
    When I applied for the job, I
    3. The vice-president will explain the new regulations at the meeting tomorrow.
    The new regulations
    4. Some soldiers were guarding the President's house.
    The President's house
    5. In 1878 Nils Nordenskjöld, a Swede, crossed the Northeast Passage in a ship called
    the Vega.
    In 1878 the Northeast Passage
    6. The Food and Drug Administration have not approved the drug for sale yet, but
    scientists have already tested it on human volunteers.
    The drug yet, but it
    7. The rainstorm destroyed most of the crops last week.
    Most of the crops
    8. The antibiotic penicillin effectively cures many infectious diseases, including some
    that were once life-threatening.
    Many infectious diseases, including some that were once life-threatening,
    9. All year round, volunteers look after the nature reserve.
    All year round, the nature reserve
    10. I expect the school will have provided all the students with books by the end of the
    week.
    I expect all the students
    11. Despite clear notices, the campers still leave litter around the campsite.
    Despite clear notices, litter
    12. After the customs officers have searched you, they will pass your luggage through
    an X-ray machine.
    After you your luggage
    through an X-ray machine.
    13. Miraculously, grave robbers had not stolen the treasures from the four Egyptian
    tombs.
    Miraculously, the treasures in the four Egyptian tombs
    14. At the moment, a teenage gang are plaguing a Shrewsbury youth centre.
    At the moment, a Shrewsbury youth centre
    15.
    The council will pay compensation to the residents of the houses which collapsed
    into the old mine shaft.
    The residents of the houses which collapsed into the old mine shaft




    WHAT TO EAT
    Before the arrival of our son, my husband and I attended birthing classes at the hospital. One day we toured the maternity ward. The instructor mentioned that on the last evening of our stay, we would be given a complimentary dinner for two, and she told us what the menu selections would be. As we continued the tour, I whispered to my husband, "Honey, I'm getting so excited."
    "Me too," he replied, "I'm going to order the lobster."
    (by Katie Schneider from Reader's Digest)


    3-3 USING "by phrase"
    Passive bir cümlede, eylemi yapan kişiyi "by phrase" ile belirtiriz.
    Active: My mother made this pullover. Passive: This pullover was made by my mother.
    Active: The President will announce the date of the meeting. Passive:The date of the meeting will be announced by the President.
    Ancak, passive bir cümlede eylemi yapan kişi, eğer eylemin kimin tarafından yapıldığı önemliyse belirtilir. Eylemin kimin tarafından yapıldığı değil de, eylemin yapılmış olması önemliyse, "by phrase" kullanılmaz.
    Active: Einstein developed the theory of relativity. Passive: The theory of relativity was developed by Einstein.
    Yukandaki örnekte, "by Einstein" kullanarak, eylemi yapan kişiyi (agent) belirtmek zorundayız. Çünkü "by Einstein" ifadesini kullanmazsak, "İzafiyet teorisi geliştirildi." olur ki bu da anlamlı bir cümle olmaz. "İzafiyet teorisi Einstein tarafından geliştirildi." doğru ve tam bir cümledir.
    Aşağıdaki örneklerde, eylemin kim ya da kimler tarafından yapıldığı önemli olmadığı için, "by phrase" kullanmaya gerek yoktur
    Active: People mine coal in Zonguldak.
    Passive:Coal is mined in Zonguldak.
    Active: The judge sentenced the murderer to life imprisonment.
    Passive:The murderer was sentenced to life imprisonment.
    Active: Someone made this pullover in Germany. Passive:This pullover was made in Germany.
    Active: They make paper from wood.
    Passive:Paper is made from wood.
    EXERCISE 3: Change the active to the passive. Use "by phrase" only If it is necessary.
    1. If someone exposes his hands and face to extreme cold, they may get frostbite.
    If hands and face they may get frostbite.
    2. A private fund provides each of our students with a pair of shoes every year.
    Each of our students
    3. Some youths were vandalizing the phone box when we walked past.
    The phone box when we walked past.
    4. They are increasing the old age pension by 25 percent.
    The old age pension
    5. George Eliot wrote the famous book "The Mill on the Floss".
    The famous book "The Mill on the Floss"
    6. They sent the order special delivery.
    The order
    7. People across the globe loved Princess Diana.
    Princess Diana
    8. After they have taken your order for the main course, they will bring a tray of hot
    and cold starters to your table.
    After your order for the main course a tray of
    hot and cold starters to your table.
    9. When I telephoned them, they hadn't received the package yet.
    When I telephoned them, the package
    10. Someone has loaded our baggage onto the plane.
    Our baggage
    11. Everyone watches that television programme.
    That television programme
    12. They have destroyed dozens of shops since the beginning of the riots.
    Dozens of shops
    13. Smith had beaten Jones in the 100-metre race three times before.
    Jones
    14. The last time I checked with the bank, they hadn't agreed to our loan of £5,000, but
    they hadn't rejected our application either.
    The last time I checked with the bank, our loan of £5,000
    but it either.
    15. We expect that we will have collected £3000 by the time we draw the lottery.
    We expect that £3000 by the time the lottery
    3-4 USING PASSIVE IN INTERROGATES
    Active bir soruyu, passive bir soruya dönüştürürken yine aynı kurallar geçerlidir.
    Active: Is Jack washing the car now? Passive: Is the car being washed by Jack now?
    Active: Does Jack wash the car every day? Passive:Is the car washed by Jack every day?
    Active: When does Jack usually wash the car? Passive: When is the car usually washed?
    "Who" ile sorulan sorularda dikkatli olunuz. Eğer "who", eylemi yapan kişiyi (agent) soruyorsa "Who .... by?" soru biçimini kullanmamız gerekir.
    Active: Who discovered America? Passive: Who was America discovered by?
    (By whom was America discovered?)
    Active: Who founded the Republic of Turkey? Passive: Who was the Republic of Turkey founded by?
    (By whom was the Republic of Turkey founded?)
    "Who" nesne durumundaki kişiyi soruyorsa "by" kullanılmaz. Ancak, nesneye ait bir preposition varsa, o kullanılır.
    Active: Who will you invite to your party? Passive: Who will be invited to your party?
    Active: Who did you see him with?
    Passive: Who was he seen with? (With whom was he seen?)
    Active: Who are you going to borrow the money from? Passive: Who is the money going to be borrowed from?
    (From whom is the money going to be borrowed?)
    Active: Who did he lend his car to?
    Passive: Who was his car lent to? (To whom was his car lent?)
    "What" bir cümlede nesneyi sorar. Yani, "what' ile sorulmuş bir soruda, nesne yoktur. Bu durumda, cümleyi passive yaparken, özne durumuna getirebileceğimiz bir sözcük yok demektir. Böyle bir cümleyi şu şekilde passive yaparız:
    Active: What are they doing about the case? Passive: What is being done about the case?
    Active: What did they do about the case? Passive: What was done about the case?
    Active: What have they done about the case? Passive: What has been done about the case?


    Passive cümlede "what" dan sonra gelen fiiller tekildir.



    EXERCISE 4: Change the active to the passive. Use "by phrase" only if it is necessary.
    1. Is anybody using that dictionary?
    2. Which machines are they inspecting today?
    3. How many species of monkey do they keep here?
    4. Have they collected our rubbish?
    5. Who did the manager interview yesterday?
    6. Who interviewed the applicants yesterday?
    7. What have they agreed upon?
    8. Are they going to gather all the fruit today?
    9. What are we going to do?
    10. Who does your translation work?
    11. Who did Sally influence at the meeting?
    12. Who influenced Sally's decision at the meeting?
    13. Do they clean the windows regularly?
    14. How much wheat do they produce annually in this region?
    15. Has anybody done the crossword yet?
    EXERCISE 5'. Change the following active sentences to the passive if possible. (Some of the verbs are intransitive and cannot be changed.)
    SAMUEL MORSE (1791-1872)
    1. "I wish that in one instant I could tell you of my safe arrival, but we are 3,000 miles
    apart and must wait four long weeks to hear from each other."
    2. Samuel Morse was 20 when he wrote this sentence in a letter to his mother in
    1811.
    3. He was studying art in London and she was living at the family home in
    Charlestown, Massachusetts.
    4. His parents hadn't wanted him to be an artist.
    5. However, they allowed him to go to London to study art in 1811, after Gilbert Stuart
    praised his work.
    6. When Samuel returned in 1815, he found that buying paintings did not interest
    Americans.
    7. He realized that he could earn very little money from painting portraits.
    8. A chance conversation inspired Morse to invent the telegraph while he was
    returning from Europe on the steamship Sully in 1832.
    9. A fellow passenger told him about European experiments in electromagnetism.
    10. Morse remarked, "If we can make the presence of electricity visible in any part of
    the circuit, I see no reason why we cannot transmit intelligence by electricity."
    11. During the rest of the voyage, he worked excitedly on drawings for his plan.
    12. Morse had an inventive mind but little knowledge of electricity.
    13. Thus, he required years of work and study to perfect his device.
    14. People greatly admired his determination.

    15. The industrialist Alfred Vail, the physicist Joseph Henry and others gave him
    practical help.
    16. In 1837, he applied for a patent on The American Electromagnetic Telegraph.
    17. He went to England, France and Russia seeking aid for his invention but met with
    failure there as at home.
    3-5 INDIRECT OBJECTS AS PASSIVE SUBJECTS
    Bazı fiiller iki nesne alır: "indirect object' ve "direct object'. Bu nesnelerin cümle içindeki yerleri iki şekilde olabilir.
    I gave him some money yesterday.
    I.O. D.O.
    I gave some money to him yesterday.
    D.O. I.O.
    I will buy her a book tomorrow.
    I.O. D.O.
    I will buy a book for her tomorrow. D.O. I.O.
    Örneklerde gördüğünüz gibi, indirect object, yani insan olan nesne, fiilden hemen sonra geliyorsa, diğer nesneye geçerken bir preposition kullanılmaz. Eğer fiilden hemen sonra direct object geliyorsa, indirect object'e geçerken, fiilin gerektirdiğine göre, "to" ya da "for" kullanılır
    Bu iki nesneli fiillerin passive biçimi de iki şekilde olur:
    Active: I gave him some money yesterday.
    I.O. D.O.
    Passive 1: He was given some money yesterday. Passive 2: Some money was given to him yesterday. (Ona dün biraz para verildi.)
    Active: I will buy her a book tomorrow. I.O. D.O.
    Passive 1: She will be bought a book tomorrow. Passive 2: A book will be bought for her tomorrow. (Yarın ona bir kitap alınacak.)
    Farklı şekillerde passive yapılabilmelerine karşın, bu cümlelerin anlamlan aynıdır. Indirect object'in passive cümlede subject olması, daha yaygın olarak kullanılır.
    3-6 THE PASSIVE FORM OF MODALS AND SIMILAR EXPRESSIONS
    modal + be + past participle

    a) The letters
    b) Tomorrow's exam
    c) You
    d) Children
    e) Chocolate
    f) Tomorrow's meeting
    ğ) She
    h)He 1) We


    be be be be be be be be
    win
    can may should ought not to had better had to must
    were supposed to be

    posted tomorrow.
    postponed to next Monday.
    allowed to leave early.
    warned against dangers.
    eaten too much.
    cancelled.
    taken to hospital.
    told the news.
    informed about the change.

    modal + have been + past participle

    j)She k) He
    J) This book m) You

    shouldn't have cant have must have ought to have

    been told the bad news.
    been seen with her.
    been left here by a student.
    been allowed to go there.
    STATIVE PASSIVE
    İngilizce'de fiillerin üçüncü halleri (past participle), bazı cümlelerde sıfat gibi işlev görür. Bu cümleler yapı olarak passive olmalarına karşın, kullanılan past participle, eylemin nasıl yapıldığını ya da kim tarafından yapıldığını ifade etmez. Yalnızca bir ismi tanımlar. Yani bir nesnenin ya da kişinin durumunu ifade eder. Bir ismi tanımladığı için de bu sözcükler sıfat görevindedir.
    The window is large.
    The window is white.
    The window is broken.
    İlk iki cümledeki "large" ve "white" sözcük türü olarak sıfattır. "Broken" ise "break" fiilinin üçüncü halidir; ancak o da, "large" ve "white" gibi "window" sözcüğünü tanımlamıştır. Bu tür sözcüklerin, cümlede passive eylem görevinde mi yoksa bir ismi tanımlayan sıfat görevinde mi olduğunu cümlenin akışından çıkarabiliriz.
    Yesterday, the window of the classroom was broken by one of the students.
    (passive action)
    (Dün sınıfın camı, bir öğrenci tarafından kırıldı.)
    When I entered the classroom yesterday, the window was broken.
    (stative passive)
    (Dün sınıfa girdiğimde, cam kırıktı.)
    The door to the school Is always locked by the caretaker after the classes are
    over, (passive action)
    (Dersler bittikten sonra, okulun kapısı müstahdem tarafından hep kilitlenir.)
    We can't enter that room. The door Is locked, (stative passive) (O odaya giremeyiz. Kapı kilitli.)
    STATIVE PASSIVE WITH PREPOSITIONS
    "Stative passive" bildiren fuller çoğunlukla bir preposition ile birlikte kullanılır.
    I'm Interested In music, especially in folk music.
    She Is married to an American.
    I'm satisfied with the progress you've made in English.
    (NOTE: Exercise 11 ve 12"yl yapmadan önce, "Appendix l" deki "Adjective + preposition" listesini inceleyiniz.)
    3-9 THE PASSIVE WITH "GET'
    Bazı sıfatları "get" ile birlikte kullanarak, onlan durum bildiren bir yapıdan eylem bildiren bir yapıya dönüştürebiliriz.
    I couldn't wear my jeans this morning, because they were still wet ("Were wet' kotun o anki durumunu belirtiyor.) (Bu sabah kotumu giyemedim çünkü hala ıslaktı.)
    When I stepped into a hole full of water yesterday, my jeans got wet.
    ('got wet' o anda olan bir olayı belirtiyor.)
    (Dün su dolu bir çukura bastığım zaman, kotum ıslandı.)
    "Get + past participle" da aynı şekilde kullanılır ve passive bir anlam taşır.
    She didn't want to go out because she was tired. (Dışarı çıkmak istemedi çünkü yorgundu.)
    Having worked for three hours without stopping, she got tired. (Ara vermeden üç saat çalışınca yoruldu.)
    When she came home, she was very annoyed. (Eve geldiğinde çok öfkeliydi.)
    She got very annoyed when she heard the news. (Haberi duyunca çok öfkelendi.)
    "Annoy, please, surprise, frighten, etc." gibi fiilleri kullanırken dikkatli olunuz. Bu fiillerin active biçimleri "kızdırmak, memnun etmek, şaşırtmak, korkutmak vb." biçimindedir. Eğer bunları "kızmak, memnun olmak, şaşırmak, korkmak" anlamında kullanmak istiyorsak, "be + past participle" ya da "get + past participle" yapısıyla, yani passive cümle yapısıyla kullanmamız gerekir.
    She disappointed me with her low grades. (Düşük notlarıyla beni hayal kırıklığına uğrattı.)
    l was disappointed with her low grades.
    (Düşük notlarından dolayı hayal kırıklığına uğradan.)
    He surprises us all with his strange behaviour. (Garip davranışlarıyla hepimizi şaşırtıyor.)
    We are all surprised at his strange behaviour. (Onun garip davranışlarına hepimiz şaşırıyoruz.)
    He annoyed me by coming late for his appointment. (.Randevusuna geç gelerek beni kızdırdı.)
    l got annoyed when he came late for his appointment. (.Randevusuna geç gelince ona kızdan.)
    The dog frightened me when it suddenly appeared in front of me. (Köpek aniden önüme çıkınca, beni korkuttu.)
    I got frightened when a dog suddenly appeared in front of me. (Aniden önüme bir köpek çıkınca, korktum.)
    3-10 'BY PHRASE1 OR ANOTHER PREPOSITION
    Bazı cümlelerde, eylemi yapan kişinin yanı sıra, eylemin hangi araçla yapıldığını da ifade etmek isteriz.
    He chopped the wood with an axe.
    The wood was chopped with an axe (by him).
    The burglar hit the owner on the head with a stone.
    The owner was hit on the head with a stone (by the burglar.)
    You must write your compositions in ink. Your compositions must be written in ink.
    Eylemi yapan kişi ya da nesneyi "by" ile ifade ederiz: by him, by the burglar, etc. gibi. Eylemi yapmak için kullanılan aracı ise "with, in, on, etc." gibi o sözcüğün kendine özgü preposition'ı ile ifade ederiz: with an axe, with a stone, in ink, etc. gibi. Eğer eylem kendiliğinden gerçekleşmişse, nesneler için de "by phrase" kullanırız.
    He was hit on the head with a stone by the burglar. (Vurma eylemini kişi yapıyor.)
    A stone rolled down the cliffs and he was Injured by the falling stone. (Taş kendiliğinden düşüyor.)
    3-11 IMPERSONAL PRONOUNS In the PASSIVE
    Anyone, no one, anybody, nobody, anything ve nothing gibi belgisiz zamirlerin bulunduğu active cümleyi passive yaparken, cümlenin olumsuz anlamını bozmamaya dikkat ediniz.
    Active cümledeki "nobody/nothing, etc." yerine passive cümlede "anybody/anything, etc."; "anybody/anything, etc." yerine ise "nobody/nothing, etc." kullanılır
    Active: Nobody can repair this broken vase.
    (Cümlede fiil olumlu, ancak "nobody" cümleye olumsuz bir anlam veriyor.)
    Passive:This broken vase can't be repaired by anybody.
    Active: No one has considered the result like this.
    Passive:The result hasn't been considered like this (by anyone).
    Active: You can't do anything about this case. Passive: Nothing can be done about this case.
    Active: They don't allow anyone to leave early. Passive: No one is allowed to leave early.
    3-12 PASSIVE WITH GERUNDS-INFINITIVES *
    "Want, would like, enjoy, hate, like" gibi fiiller, hem nesne alarak hem de nesne almadan kullanılabilen fiillerdir. Eğer bu fiilleri nesnesiz kullanıyorsak, passive biçime dönüştüremeyiz. Bazıları kural olarak dönüştürülebilse de, anlam açısından bozuk cümleler elde edilir.
    I want to go abroad. (No passive)
    1 would like to read a book. (No passive)
    I like swimming.
    ("Swimming is liked by me." kural olarak doğru bir cümledir. Ancak "Yüzme
    benim tarafımdan sevilir." anlamsız bir cümledir.)
    Everybody likes him.
    He is liked by everybody.
    ("O herkes tarafından sevilir." cümlesi hem kural hem anlam açısından doğru
    bir cümledir.)
    The secretary wants to work hard. (No passive)
    The company wants a hardworking secretary.
    A hardworking secretary is wanted. (Çalışkan bir sekreter aranıyor.)
    I hate laughing at other people. (No passive) (İnsanlara gülmekten nefret ederim.)
    I hate someone laughing at me.
    I hate being laughed at.
    (Bana gûlûnmesinden nefret ederim.)
    I like to read for myself. I don't like someone to read to me.
    I don't like to be read to.
    (Bana kitap okunmasını sevmem.)
    * Bu konu, Gerunds-Infiniteves konusunu işlerken daha detaylı görülecektir. Burada, çok yaygın olarak kullanılan "want, would like, like, enjoy, hate" gibi fiiller üzerinde durulacaktır
    -13 IT'S SAID THAT.../ HE IS SAID TO... etc.
    "Main clause + noun clause" biçiminde kurulmuş olan cümleleri iki şekilde passive yapabiliriz. İki cümlenin de Türkçe'ye çevirisi aynıdır.
    Active: People say that he lives abroad now. Passive 1: It is said that he lives abroad now. Passive 2: He is said to live abroad now.
    (Onun şimdi yurtdışında yaşadığı söyleniyor.)
    Active: People believe that he Is the murderer of his wife. Passive 1: It's believed that he Is the murderer of his wife. Passive 2: He is believed to be the murderer of his wife. (Onun, karısının katili olduğuna inanılıyor.}
    Birinci tip passive cümleye "It's + past participle" ile başlanır ve "that clause" aynen eklenir. İkinci tip passive cümleye ise, "noun clause"daki özne ile başlanır. Bu passive biçimini tense'lere göre şu şekillerde kullanabiliriz:
    a) Present "be" (am, is, are)
    They say that the man upstairs is a thief. It is said that the man upstairs is a thief. The man upstairs is said to be a thief.
    b) Simple Present
    We understand that he dislikes children.
    It is understood that he dislikes children. He is understood to dislike children.
    c) Past "be" (was, were) .
    They say that he was very rich in the past.
    It is said that he was very rich in the past.
    He is said to have been very rich in the past.
    d) Simple Past
    People claim that he left the country two months ago. It is claimed that he left the country two months ago. He is claimed to have left the country two months ago.
    e) Present Perfect
    People think that he has deserted his family.
    ? It's thought that he has deserted his family.
    He is thought to have deserted his family.
    f) Present Progressive
    We think that he is waiting there now.
    It's thought that he is waiting there now.
    He is thought to be waiting there now. -
    g) Past Progressive
    People say that he was working very hard. It is said that he was working very hard. He is said to have been working very hard.
    h) Future Tense (will or going to)
    People expect that the rate of exchange will/is going to go down soon. It is expected that the rate of exchange will/is going to go down soon. The rate of exchange is expected to go/to be going down soon.
    i) Present Passive (am, is, are done)
    They say that a lot of electrical appliances are stolen every day. It is said that a lot of electrical appliances are stolen every day. A lot of electrical appliances are said to be stolen every day.
    J) Past Passive (was, were done)
    They report that two people were billed in the explosion. It is reported that two people were killed in the explosion. Two people are reported to have been billed in the explosion.
    Temel cümledeki yüklem past tense ise, passive cümlede "was, were" kullanmamız gerekir.
    People believed that he had committed the crime. It was believed that he had committed the crime. He was believed to have committed the crime.
    Temel cümlenin yüklemi "present", yan cümleciğin yüklemi "past" olduğu zaman passive cümlede "to have done" yapısının kullanıldığını gördük. Bunun nedeni, eylemler arasındaki zaman ilişkisini vurgulamaktır.
    They believe that she acted deliberately. (believe: present, acted: past) It is believed that she acted deliberately. She is believed to have acted deliberately.
    Eğer hem temel cümlenin hem de yan cümleciğin yüklemi "past" ise, iki eylem arasında zaman farkı olmadığı için, bu ifadeyi passive yapıya "to do/to be doing' biçiminde aktarırız. Yan cümledeki eylem daha önce gerçekleşmişse, bunu active cümlede "past perfect/past perfect continuous" kullanarak ifade ederiz. Bu durumda, iki eylem arasındaki farkı göstermek için passive cümlede yine "to have done/to have been doing' kullanırız.
    They believed that she knew the truth.
    (believed: past, knew, past)
    She was believed to know the truth.
    They believed that she had acted deliberately. (believed: past, had acted: past perfect) She was believed to have acted deliberately.
    They reported that the two sides had been fighting for two months. It was reported that the two sides had been Ughting for two months. The two sides were reported to have been fighting for two months.
    Bu passive yapısıyla yaygın olarak kullanılan fiiller say, claim, understand, think, suppose, expect, report, allege, acknowledge, assume, estimate, believe, consider gibi fiillerdir



    HAYIRLI OLSUN ELS den aldım..İncelersin

  9. #9
    Bello Misafir
    Biraz karışık olsu ama burdan kopyala kendi word programında düzeltirsin...

  10. #10
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    sagol bello arkadaşım ben bu çalışıyım şimdi inş ögrenirim biraz uzun ama farkmetz okudukça biter

  11. #11
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    Alıntı bello isimli üyeden alıntı Mesajı göster

    HAYIRLI OLSUN ELS den aldım..İncelersin
    İyi de deniz daha Lise-1 öğrencisi. Biraz karmaşık olmadı mı arkadaşın için. Şu an olmayabilir. Ama daha basit ve sade bi şekilde bişeyler yükleriz buraya. Ama hatırlatmazsan unuturuz.

  12. #12
    Bello Misafir
    İstersen daha var...Çalış yetmezse eğer daha gönderirim.

  13. #13
    Bello Misafir
    Alıntı Yahya Hoca isimli üyeden alıntı Mesajı göster
    İyi de deniz daha Lise-1 öğrencisi. Biraz karmaşık olmadı mı arkadaşın için. Şu an olmayabilir. Ama daha basit ve sade bi şekilde bişeyler yükleriz buraya. Ama hatırlatmazsan unuturuz.
    Bende birtane kitap var ama kullanım hakkı MehmetMamger'e ait

    kaç tane kitap varki..ELS dergisi var,Cesur Öztürk Building Skills var..Ya da internetten araştırma yapacak...

  14. #14
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    farketmez abilerim zaten ben ingilizceyi çok çabuk kawruyorum matematik fln onlara kafam hiç çalışmaz 5. 6 sınıf sorusu sorsan bilmem ama ingilizce üzerine çok yetenekli ve beceriliyim te 7 yaşından oyunlardan hewes kaptım ingilizceyi ögrenmeye halada ögreniyorum ginede yardımlarınızı bekliyorum

  15. #15
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    İngilizceyi çabuk kavrıyor olabilirsin ama bu açıklama lise 1 öğrencisi için biraz ağır ve karmaşık olmuş bence sen daha basit anlatımlı bi yerden yapsan bu ödevi senin için daha iyi olur sanki istersen bende konuyla ilgili bir yazı verebilirim
    PASSIVE VOICE

    Passive Voice is used ;

    1-If the action is more important than the doer of the action.
    2-If we don’t know the doer of the action.
    3-We use passive when “people” would be the subject of the active verb.
    4-Some verbs such as “ask,tell,give,send,show,teach,pay,offer”can have two objects.


    Passive Voice with Different Tenses:

    A-Simple Present: am/is/are + past participle
    Eg:My car is repaired by the mechanic.
    The robbers are arrested by the police.
    Smoking is not allowed in this area.

    B-Present Continuous: am/is/are being + past participle
    Eg:The clothes are being ironed by my mother at the moment.
    A new house is being built near here.
    The dishes are not being cleaned now.

    C-Simple Past: was/were + past participle
    Eg:Many people were killed by bombs during the war.
    Were you given an expensive gift last year?
    Susan wasn’t invited to the party last night

    D-Past Continuous: was/were being + past participle
    Eg:A new car was being bought for her by her father.
    The exam papers were being handed out by the teacher.
    These flowers were being watered when I came back.

    E-Present Perfect: have/has been + past participle
    Eg:Have you ever been treated rudely?
    Her ideas have never been understood by anybody.
    Haven’t the fences been painted yet?
    Their wedding anniversary has been celebrated by their close friends.

    F-Past Perfect: had been + past participle
    Eg:The letters had been typed by the secretary.
    All his words had been kept secret.
    The injured people had been taken to the hospital.

    G-Simple Future: will be + past participle
    Eg:The packet will be posted as sonn as possible.
    The pool of the hotel will be cleaned by the workers.
    The car’s gear will be checked by the mechanic.

    H-(Be)Going To: am/is/are going to be + past participle
    Eg:An assignment is going to be prepared by the students.
    The students’ mistakes in the exam are going to be corrected by the teacher.
    The employees’ salaries are going to be increased by the employer.

    I-Future Perfect: will have been + past participle
    Eg:The house will have been painted by next week.
    The election will have been done by next month.
    The grapes will have been picked up by tomorrow.

    J-Passive with modals:can/must/should/would/etc + be + past participle
    Eg:The drugs should be taken twice a day.






    EXERCISES
    Change the sentences into passive.
    1-I will prepare my term work.

    2-Rita had washed the car.

    3-When do they send a postcard?

    4-An earthquake destroyed the town.

    5-Nobody has used this room for years.

    6-The examiner will read the question three times.

    7-They are watching my house.

    8-How many times did she ring the bell?

    9-A lorry knocked him down.

    10-Somebody is using the computer at the moment.

    11-They have built a new hospital near the airport.

    12-Somebody was following us.

    13-The commitee has taken a crucial decision about the project.

    14-They didn’t give me the information I needed.

    15-How much will they pay you for your work?

    16-They cancelled all the flights because of fog.

    17-How do people learn languages?

    18-The president will open the new building.

    19-The quests are going to eat these cookies.

    20-The students had answered all the questions correctly.

  16. #16
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    abilerim agır diyorsunuzda zaten ben bunu 2. dönemde görcem işliyecez . yani lise 1 ögrencisi için normal olmalı ?

  17. #17
    vVeazlyp0 Misafir
    Çok saolun ing sınavım için yararlı olcağına eminim şimdiden cok tsk ederim

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